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See Linux curl command: How to use it in 60 characters



Contained in the Linux working system, the curl command is a crucial instrument for exchanging knowledge between a shopper and a distant server. This versatile command permits a wide range of prompts, each easy and sophisticated, for purchasers to enter the required knowledge. Whether or not it’s downloading recordsdata, testing server availability or accessing cookies, the curl command supplies a lot of use instances for Linux clients.

What’s curl command in linux?

The short curl command for shopper URLs is used to switch knowledge to and from distant servers utilizing varied neighborhood requests. It consists of two main parts: the curl command-line gadget and the libcurl library. Whereas curl and curl are generally used interchangeably, they’ve some variations. curl is a full-featured knowledge switching utility that can be utilized with utterly completely different programming languages, whereas curl is particularly a command-line instrument that makes use of the libcurl library to ship and obtain data on Linux distributions. Makes use of up.

Perceive the syntax and collection of curl instructions

To take full benefit of the curl command, you have to perceive its syntax and the varied choices accessible. The fundamental syntax of the curl command in Linux is as follows:
Among the generally used choices with the curl command are listed under:

# threat: -#

This perform shows a progress bar whereas downloading a file utilizing curl. Supplies prospects with visible depiction of buy progress.

# Threat :-O

The -o possibility permits clients to keep away from shedding a downloaded file with a totally completely different title than specified on the shopper’s system. That is useful when it’s advisable to save lots of the file with a particular title.

# Threat :-O

When the -O possibility is used, the downloaded file will likely be saved with the identical title because the URL. That is useful when it’s suggested to maintain the file title fixed.

# Threat :-T

With the -t possibility, the shopper can add a file to an FTP server. That is particularly helpful if you wish to switch doc knowledge to a distant server utilizing FTP.

# threat: -x

The -x possibility permits patrons to enter the desired URL by means of a proxy server. This permits a very versatile and safe change of knowledge.

# threat: -w

Utilizing the -w possibility, the consumer can curl the present data to regular output (stdout) after an entire step. This may be useful for debugging and response analysis.

Smart examples of curl command utilization in Linux

# Alternative 1: Saving the file

If no possibility is given, the curl command prints solely the community net web page provisioning code. To keep away from shedding this output to a file in your Linux file system, use the -o flag. For instance:
curl -o
To keep away from shedding the provisioning code of a .Web net web page in a file referred to as index.html, it’s best to make use of the next command:
curl -o index.html https://take alook

# Choice 2: Checking Server Availability

To test whether or not a server is accessible available on the market or not, you must use the -I flag with the curl command. The syntax may probably be:
curl -i
By checking the first line of the response, you possibly can decide the situation of the server. If the response shows 200 OK, it signifies that the server is operating profitably. One other reply signifies that there could also be an issue with the server.
For instance, you’ll use the next command to test whether or not `` is accessible available in the market:
curl -I https://take alook

#Alternative 3: Cookie Insertion

While you go to a URL, some knowledge, like cookies, will in all probability be saved in your system. To entry these saved cookies, you’re suggested to make use of the –cookie-jar flag with the curl command. The syntax is:
curl-cookie jar
For instance, to retailer all `` cookies in a file named `cookies.txt`, you’ll use the subsequent command:
curl-cookie-jar cookies.txt

# Alternative 4: Downloading Doc Information from FTP Server

To obtain recorded knowledge from an FTP server, you normally must enter a password every time you log in. However, with curl, you possibly can shortly specify the username and password with the next syntax:
curl -u : -o
For instance, when you have to get the file `readme.txt` from the FTP server `` with the username demo and the password password, you’ll use the subsequent command:
curl -v -u demo:password -O

#Alternative 5: Figuring out the Worth of the Private Agent

When making a request from a browser to a server, the request physique hosts a user-agent argument that specifies the browser mannequin getting used. With the curl command, you possibly can spoof the system and browser fashions by means of the usage of the -user-agent flag.
For instance, to make use of Mozilla’s 4.73 mannequin with kernel mannequin 2.2.15 and the i686 structure below `take a look` on a Linux X11 system, use the next command:
curl-user-agent Mozilla/4.73(en) (X11;U;Linux 2.2.15 i686) Check out
This allows you to see how an internet site responds to completely different browsers and gadgets.

# Alternative 6: Verify server response time

You possibly can check out the server’s response time utilizing the curl command in Linux, utilizing the -w, -s, and -o choices. The syntax is:
curl -w %{time_total}n -o /dev/null
The -w possibility writes the worth of the time_total variable to the output present, whereas -o saves the output to the /dev/null file. This mix means you could measure the response time of the server.
For instance, to test the response time of ``, you’ll use this command:
curl -w “%{time_total}n” -o /dev/null
Response time may be displayed in seconds.


The curl command is a necessary gadget in Linux for exchanging knowledge between distant customers and servers. It provides quite a lot of choices and choices, making it appropriate for a lot of utilization conditions. From downloading doc knowledge to checking server availability, accessing cookies, orchestrating non-public intermediaries, and measuring response occasions, the curl command supplies Linux clients with a strong and versatile resolution for his or her knowledge transformation.

inquiries to ask

What’s the distinction between curl and curl?

curl is an entire knowledge transformation utility, whereas curl is a command-line gadget that makes use of the libcurl library. They’re normally used interchangeably, though curl can be utilized with utterly completely different programming languages, whereas curl is restricted to the command line.

Can I save the output of curl command to a file?

Certain, it may save the output of the curl command to a file utilizing the -o possibility. It is possible for you to to specify file title to keep away from shedding utilizing this feature.

How can I test if a server is accessible available in the market utilizing curl command?

To test if a server is accessible available on the market it’s best to make use of the -I flag with the curl command. If the response shows 200 OK, it signifies that the server is operating profitably.

Can I entry cookies utilizing curl command?

Certain, you possibly can entry cookies saved in your Linux filesystem through the use of the -cookie-jar flag with the curl command. It permits you to retrieve and manipulate cookies for a particular URL.

How can I specify username and password whereas downloading document knowledge from FTP server utilizing curl?

It’s best to make use of the -u possibility adopted by the username and password to specify credentials when downloading document knowledge from an FTP server utilizing curl. This permits seamless and safe file switching.

Can I test server response time utilizing curl command?

Sure you possibly can measure the response time of the server utilizing curl command. By combining the -w, -s, and -o choices, response time knowledge may be retrieved and reserved for evaluation.

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