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Tonga fire erupts: Hanga eruption breaks lightning records with 200,000 electrical flashes!


Eruption of Tonga’s Hanga volcano basically produces most intense lightning transfer ever recorded

On January 15, 2022, Tonga’s Hanga volcano skilled an unprecedented eruption that created a supercharged thunderstorm that produced maybe probably the most intense lightning ever recorded. The explosion produced greater than 200,000 lightning strikes alongside its whole measurement, with a most depth of two,600 lightning strikes per minute. This spectacular volcanic storm supplied scientists with helpful details about the eruption occasion and revealed beforehand unknown elements of the phenomenon.

phenomenal electrical practice

The eruption of the Hanga volcano produced a column of magmatic ash, water and gasoline that reached a minimal top of 58 kilometers (36 mi) above sea stage. This huge plume not solely supplied scientists with helpful particulars in regards to the form of the eruption, but in addition provided challenges in monitoring its modifications because it progressed. To handle these challenges, the scientists analyzed high-resolution lightning information from 4 totally different sources that had by no means earlier than been used collectively. This thorough evaluation allowed them to realize a deeper understanding of the life cycle of the eruption and the peculiar weather conditions it created.

invention of latest phases

By combining info from sensors that measure gentle and radio waves, scientists have been capable of observe lightning bolts and estimate their top. The explosion produced greater than 192,000 flashes, composed of roughly 500,000 electrical pulses. At its peak, the eruption produced 2,615 flashes per minute. What made this explosion significantly outstanding was that the bolts of lightning soared to unprecedented heights in Earth’s environment, between 20 and 30 kilometers (12 to 19 mi) in top.

ray depth visualization

The lightning not solely supplied particulars in regards to the period of the eruption, but in addition supplied invaluable details about its conduct over time. Opposite to preliminary observations, which indicated a period of only some hours, the lightning info confirmed that the eruption lasted at least 11 hours. As well as, the researchers recognized 4 distinct phases of explosive drills solely primarily based on column top and energy charge. This newly found info permits for higher monitoring and nowcasting of aviation hazards throughout large-scale volcanic eruptions, together with the prevalence and motion of ash clouds.

phenomenal rings of lightning

Along with the depth and pinnacle of lightning, scientists have been fascinated by the concentric rings of lightning that take form on volcanoes. These rings expanded and contracted over time and in comparison with local weather storms in contrast to something seen earlier than. It’s believed that intense turbulence at excessive altitudes contained in the volcanic cloud precipitated these rings of lightning. The injection of mass into the upper environment created waves, and lightning appeared to surf these waves and journey outward, forming a hoop 250 kilometers vast.

a particular sort of volcano

This eruption from the Hanga volcano represents a sort of volcano often called a fratoplinian, which happens when massive quantities of magma are launched from water. Beforehand, this model of the eruption had solely been acknowledged in geological collections and had by no means been noticed with fashionable devices. The findings from this eruption have supplied scientists with a uncommon alternative to study extra about and analyze phytoplean eruptions.


The eruption of Tonga’s Hanga volcano on January 15, 2022 was a historic occasion that probably set a report for probably the most intense lightning ever recorded. Scientists used high-resolution lightning insights to realize unprecedented perception into the phenomenon and operation of the eruption. The eruption lasted for much longer than initially recognized, and distinct phases of the practice have been recognised. The concentric rings of lightning and the classification of the eruption as a Phreatoplinian volcano added additional intrigue to this extraordinary phenomenon. These findings spotlight the significance of lightning information in bettering volcano practice monitoring and hazard warnings for aviation security.

incessantly requested questions

1. What number of instances lightning struck as a result of eruption of the Hanga volcano?

There have been over 200,000 lightning strikes throughout your entire eruption.

2. What was the utmost depth of lightning from the explosion?

The eruption produced 2,600 flashes per minute at its most depth.

3. How did the scientists use the lightning information?

Scientists used the lightning info to realize perception into the occasion and conduct of the eruption, revealing beforehand unknown phases of the occasion and offering particulars concerning the period of the eruption.

4. What have been the outstanding alternate options to lightning via explosions?

Most of the lightning strikes reached altitudes of between 20 to 30 kilometers (12 to 19 mi) above sea stage, which was greater than any beforehand noticed lightning strike. The eruption additionally created concentric rings of lightning, which grew and shrank over time.

5. What sort of volcano was this exclamation symbolic of?

The Hanga volcano eruption was labeled as a phytoplankton volcano, which happens when a big quantity of magma is launched from water. This eruption sample had solely been recognized beforehand in geological collections and had by no means been noticed with fashionable tools.


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